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Attestation in India

Document attestation is simply the authentication of documents that is mandatory for various purposes. Attestation in India can be of various types, at times for local use it requires self-attestation while at other times, it is mandated from the highest authority like central government. Attestation of documents shall provide a document certain immunity to be accepted in different parts of the nation or abroad. This type of certificate attestation can be for local use or at times for the national or international cause.

What is attestation?

Attestation meaning can be interpreted as a demonstration of proof of something. It is more of a legal term that deals with the lawfulness of evidence, a statement or a document or certificate. It is provided in forms of stamps and signature when one believes in the authenticity of the entity. An attestation of any document or paperwork will let the demandant know that the copy of the original document is credible and can be trusted. It is a formality by the law helping the legitimacy of the material.

Personal document marriage certificate attestation Educational certificate degree certificate attestation Commercial document power of attorney attestation

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What is certificate attestation?

The process to attest certificates from authority is called as certificate attestation. It is obtaining necessary seal or signature from the concerned officials on your certificate to ratify its credibility. There are more than one authorities and formalities present in this process. Each of these authorities provides a stamp of their own on the back side of the document. This process is generally followed for a degree certificate, birth certificate, marriage certificate, medical certificate, and other certificate attestation courses. It can be done any type of certificate i.e. personal, educational, commercial.

What is certificate attestation?

What does ‘attestation of documents’ mean?

Attestation of documents means legalization of significant documents so as to make them admissible to the authority that demands them. Document attestation is carried out for three different types of documents, namely, personal, educational and commercial. All these documents are classified on the basis of the information they possess. Sometimes the legalization of documents needs to be done by multiple authorities to prove the genuinity of the document.

Why is attestation required?

ttestation certificate or document is required for a variety of reasons which could be intrinsic or extrinsic to the nation. It could be required for judicial purposes like submission of important evidence or non-judicial reasons like opening a bank account, obtaining a visa, or performing business overseas. There are visas of all sorts like employment visa, student visa, residential visa and others that require legalization of documents of different types. For commercial documents, it is required at the time of doing business abroad or bringing in the business from the foreign.

Why is attestation required?

Who can attest documents?

Depending on the need, there is a discrete set of individuals who have the power to attest documents. In some cases, self-attestation is enough while for others, attestation from the government officials is obligatory. Attesting documents for visa, authorized departments that comprise the process are the Notary, State, Ministry of External Affairs and the Embassy of the respective country. However, document certification for UAE attestation, Qatar attestation, Saudi attestation, and other Gulf countries mandates an additional verification from the country of destination called Ministry Of Foreign Affairs(MOFA) attestation. This is done in the country that is to be visited by the officials available at the government organization.

What are the types of attestation?

There are different types of document attestation in India for different reasons. Some of the types are listed below:

  • Notary Attestation:

    Attestation by a notary is carried out before all other processes comprising the attestation course of action. It is obtained from the local notary, mostly in the form of a signature. It is the most basic requirement of any law related legalization process.

  • Home Department Attestation:

    Home Department is exclusive to attests personal documents and the officials are the only ones allowed to attest personal documents, this includes marriage certificate, death certificate.

  • HRD Attestation:

    HRD or Human Resource Department is the state organization that solely attests the educational documents and certificates. It is another important procedure to demonstrate the authenticity of your academic history to your employer or the university you next being admitted to.

  • SDM Attestation:

    The Sub-Divisional Magistrate is an alternative for the Home Department and in rare cases, for HRD as well. However, some authorities strictly mandate HRD attestation for educational documents. Sub-Divisional Magistrate is independent of the main state government and performs separately.

  • Chamber of Commerce Attestation:

    Chamber of Commerce is an organization of the local businessmen and authentication from this organization is the initial step for the commercial document attestation. Commercial documents are proof that your entrepreneurship is legitimate and hence, commercial document legalization helps in proving the same.

  • MEA Attestation:

    MEA or Ministry of External Affairs attestation is the last level of authentication from the home government after which an MEA stamp or sticker is applied on the document. MEA is the central department that deals with the foreign matters of the country and elects a minister every half a decade.

  • Embassy Attestation:

    It is performed by the officials of the respective country the documents are being attested for. For instance, the embassy of UAE performs the UAE embassy attestation process. It is performed by the officials from the country of destination in the country of harbor.

  • Apostille Attestation:

    It is a process which is carried by MEA out for the countries that a part of the Apostille Hague Convention. When the authentication is confirmed, an apostille sticker on the document is given. Generally, there is no need for any additional foreign verification for apostille.

What is the process of certificate attestation?

The process varies from document to document. There are three types of documents and hence, three different procedures.

Personal Document Attestation:

Attesting documents and certificates that are of personal, is called as personal document legalization. This is required in visa processes like obtaining a short-term or long-term residential visa.

Procedure for personal document services

Educational Document Attestation:

The documents and certificates that comprise of your academical data, are called as educational documents and the legalization of these documents, like degree certificate, is called an educational document attestation.

Procedure for educational document attestation

Commercial Document Attestation:

Commercial documents are the documents and certificates related to your business capital. Commercial document legalization is the process of attesting these documents.

Procedure for commercial document services

What are the attestation services?

Attestation services are the firms that render services for the legalization of documents getting through to the departments in-charge. The services have facilities and expert staff that ensure performing the legalization with authenticity. The services consult the customers who require attestation of their documents and perform the procedure on their behalf. Although, at times the individual presence of the one looking for legalization is required, for instance, it is required during HRD attestation. You must look for genuine and experienced attestation services in India.

How to get document attestation in India?

Document attestation in India is an indirect procedure and should be done after understanding all the details about it thoroughly. To get document attestation in India, it’s convenient to approach the attestation agents so that the legalization is done faster without any hassle. PEC has attained expertise working in the area of legalization of documents for 6+ years now and has been fulfilling the needs of the customers successfully. Our services are spread all across the nation including the following locations - Pune, Pimpri, Ahmedabad, Mumbai, Bangalore, Chennai, Hyderabad, Kolkata, Delhi, Chandigarh, Gurugram, Kerala, Lucknow, Bhopal, Panaji, Noida, Coimbatore, Vizag.

How to get your Documents Attested?
How to get your Documents Attested?

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Frequently Asked Questions

What is the difference between Apostille and attestation?

Apostille and attestation aren’t very different aspects, yet, an apostille is required for a set of countries that are a part of the Apostille Hague Convention while attestation is done for the rest of the countries. As a proof of apostille, an apostille sticker is usually applied on the document with stamp; and after the legalization of documents, they are stamped by the central government and are applicable for embassy attestation as well.

What is the difference between attestation and notarization?

Attestation and notarization are two similar processes of legalization of documents. Although, notarization can be considered as a part of or a type of attestation. Notarization is the attestation performed by the Notary. Attestation could be a lengthy process when it is concerned with a foreign country. Notarization is first step which is required for documents of type educational and personal.

What is Apostille Attestation?

Apostille attestation is a way of attesting the documents so that they can be made admissible in any country that belongs to the Apostille Hague Convention. Apostille is an attestation of the global level that is legally acceptable in more than 100 countries, most of the European & American countries accept this format of the attestation. The apostille sticker is stuck on the back of the document as the legalization proof.

Is attestation mandatory for UAE visa?

Depending on the type of UAE visa, the obligation of attestation for UAE visa shall vary. If the visa is a tourist visa, then it is not mandatory to obtain document legalization. If the visa is being acquired for a long-term stay, like, for pursuing education or employment in the country or carrying out business transactions, it is mandatory. UAE embassy attestation is required when it is a long-term stay visa along with an additional legalization called as MOFA attestation.

How many days will it take for certificate attestation in India?

Generally, considering all the factors, like, the steps of verification, the urgency of the requirement, that affect the process of certificate attestation it would take about 15 to 20 days. However, involving PEC services, you can get it done in 8 to 10 business days.

What is NORKA attestation?

Non-Resident Keralites Affairs(NORKA) Attestation is the HRD attestation process that is performed by the state of Kerala to attest the educational documents. NORKA was established in order to aid the non-residential Keralites ensuring safe migration. It is approached for the educational certificates issued in the state of Kerala when one needs to obtain embassy attestation in order to pursue education from abroad. Educational certificate legalization by NORKA is compulsory for those who have attained education from the recognized universities and schools from the state of Kerala are trying to issue a visa for higher studies or a job.

What is MOFA attestation?

Ministry Of Foreign Affairs or MOFA attestation is a part of the document attestation process that is the final step of attestation performed after the embassy attestation carried out for the Gulf countries like Kuwait, Qatar, UAE, and others. The process takes place in the foreign country for which the visa is being obtained or the business is being transacted. MOFA attestation is applied for the foreign documents and the documents issued in that particular Gulf country.

What is GAD attestation?

General Administration Department or GAD attestation is the state level document attestation process for educational documents. It is a sort of HRD attestation for the state of Telangana performed by the Branch Secretariats of the state. GAD attestation for Telangana issued educational certificates is done while obtaining a work or student visa for a foreign country.

Is attestation required for passport documents?

Attestation is not required on your documents when you are issuing a passport, however, when you already possess a passport and if you require legalization for the purpose of residential, employment or student visa or an overseas business transaction, then you need an attestation for the copy of your passport if demanded by the concerned foreign authority. Passport documents are already home government issued and require no added authentication.

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